Term Protection and Advocacy for Individuals With Disabilities
Code FT-1000.6600
Definition Programs that provide assistance for individuals with disabilities who are having difficulty understanding and/or obtaining the full benefits and services to which they are entitled by law. Included are federally mandated programs that are part of the formal protection and advocacy system which includes Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Developmental Disabilities (PADD), Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness (PAIMI), Protection and Advocacy for Individual Rights (PAIR) and the Client Assistance Program (CAP); and independent organizations that provide the same types of services. Protection and advocacy programs provide legal representation and other advocacy services, under federal and state laws, for all people with disabilities and endeavor to ensure full access to inclusive educational programs, financial entitlements, health care, accessible housing and productive employment opportunities. The programs maintain a presence in facilities that care for people with disabilities where they monitor, investigate and attempt to remedy adverse conditions. CAP agencies (many of which are housed within protection and advocacy offices) provide information and assistance for individuals seeking or receiving vocational rehabilitation services under the Rehabilitation Act, including assistance in pursuing administrative, legal and other appropriate remedies.
Created 7/30/02
Changed 12/15/16
Use References CAP Program
Client Assistance Program (CAP)
Legal Assistance for Individuals With Disabilities
PADD
PAIMI
PAIR
Protection and Advocacy for Individuals With Mental Illness
Protection and Advocacy for Persons With DD
See Also References Special Education Advocacy (FT-8000.8000)
External Classification Terms Claims Filing Assistance (UW 1.4.16.02)
Disability (ACH M-01)
Legal, Consumer and Public Safety Services (USA LE-450)
Legal/Public Safety (CAN LP-450)
Legal Services (NTE I80)
Ombudsman for Income Security and Economic Opportunity (UW 1.4.13.01)
Specialized Law Practice Areas (NPC I06)
Related Concepts Advocacy/Rights Protection
Blindness/Visual Impairments
Deafness/Hearing Impairments
Developmental Disabilities
Disabilities
Physical Disabilities
Facet Service
Comments NOTE: A lot of different types of programs help people complete and file application/enrollment forms for various types of benefits and/or are authorized, often by contract, to do eligibility determinations for a specific program. With so many different types of players, it is sometimes difficult to decide which Taxonomy term to select. Here are some guidelines: Use the Benefits Assistance terms in the FT-1000 section for application assistance provided by programs devoted primarily to advocacy for people to ensure that they understand and receive the benefits for which they are eligible. Use Benefits Screening (PH-0700) for programs that provide application assistance in the context of a general assessment of an individual's eligibility for a wide variety of benefits. Use the application/enrollment terms in the NL and NS sections of the Taxonomy for both federal, state, provincial or county offices tasked with benefits application/enrollment processing and eligibility determinations; and for other programs outside those systems that help people complete and file benefits application/enrollment forms or are authorized to do eligibility determinations for a specific benefit. Use Certificates/Forms Assistance (FT-1020) for assistance with any of the wide variety of forms, certificates and other official documents that people need to read and understand or complete and file that do not have a high enough profile to be covered by a dedicated Taxonomy term.
Bibliographic References "The P&A/CAPs System: Protection & Advocacy, the Nation's Disability Rights Network", National Association of Protection and Advocacy Systems, Inc. (NAPAS) website, http://www.napas.org/aboutus/PA_CAP.htm

"Protection and Advocacy (P&A)", Michigan Protection & Advocacy Service, http://www.mpas.org/WhoWeAre.asp?btnWhoWeAre.x=20&btnWhoWeAre.y=13 NOTE: this particular document is no longer available, but the same information can be accessed via the above link.

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