Term COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests
Code LF-4900.1565
Definition Public health laboratories that conduct diagnostic testing for people who have symptoms of the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19. People who have been in close contact with someone with COVID-19 or are a resident in a community where there is ongoing spread of the virus and develop symptoms are being advised to call their health care provider and tell them about their symptoms and exposure, at which point a decision will be made as to whether they need to be tested. Patients who require a test will have a swab inserted through their nose to reach what is known as the nasopharyngeal region where cells are collected. If the patient is calm, the swabbing takes 10 seconds or so and is not painful. A jittery patient can make things more difficult. Once the sample is taken, it is put into a sterile container and sent to a lab where a chemical pulls the cells off the swab and turn the sample into a liquid form, which is put into a machine that makes multiple copies of the virus' RNA. The machine attempts to match the person's RNA with the coronavirus RNA to determine a positive or negative result.
Created 3/19/20
Changed 5/28/20
Use References Novel Coronavirus Diagnostic Testing
See Also References COVID-19 Antibody Test Development (JP-1500.1520)
COVID-19 Antibody Tests (LF-4900.1562)
COVID-19 Control (JP-1500.1700-150)
COVID-19 Immunization Clinics (LT-3400.1525)
COVID-19 Immunization Home Visits (LT-3400.1530)
COVID-19 Test Home Collection Kits (LF-4900.1567)
COVID-19 Test Results Hotlines (LF-4900.1568)
COVID-19 Treatment (LT-1750.1620)
Diagnostic Blood Tests for Children's Inflammatory Illness (LF-4900.1710)
Fraudulent COVID-19 Test/Vaccine/Treatment Reporting (FN-1700.1470-215)
Long Term COVID-19 Clinics (LT-1750.4460)
Public Health Order Violations Reporting (JP-6650)
External Classification Terms Ambulatory & Primary Health Care (NPC E09.02)
Ambulatory & Primary Health Care (NTE E30)
Chronic Disease Control (UW
Health (CAN HC-300)
Health Care (AIRS HC-300)
Related Concepts Disaster Services
Facet Service
Bibliographic References "Testing for COVID-19", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/symptoms-testing/testing.html

"What to Expect When You Get a Coronavirus Test: Stay Calm, Don't Wiggle And It Will Fake Just 10 Seconds", Jorge L. Ortiz, USA TODAY, https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/03/16/coronavirus-what-expect-when-you-get-tested-covid-19/5061120002/

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