Term Genetic Testing and Screening
Code LF-5350
Definition Programs that conduct tests of an individual's genetic material (DNA, RNA, chromosomes, proteins, and certain metabolites) to establish whether there are risk factors associated with particular diseases or disabilities, to help identify or exonerate individuals involved in criminal matters based on DNA evidence, or to establish paternity or maternity for legal or immigration purposes. Genetic testing generally involves individuals suspected of criminal activity or being at high risk for a disease or disability whereas genetic screening is conducted with a broader population about which risk factors are unknown.
Created 4/27/00
Changed 1/11/10
Use References DNA Testing
Genetic Screening
See Also References Adoptive Child Genetic History Search (PH-0300.0490)
Gene Therapy (LT-2000)
Genetic Counseling (LJ-2000.2500)
Genetic Discrimination Assistance (FT-1800.2500)
Genetic Discrimination Protection Laws Enactment/Enforcement (DF-8000.3030)
Genetics Research (TR-1000.2500)
Preconception Care (LJ-5000.6570)
Prenatal Evaluation (LF-7300)
External Classification Terms Ambulatory & Primary Health Care (NTE E30)
Health (CAN HC-300)
Health Care (USA HC-300)
Health Diagnostic, Intervention & Treatment (NPC E07)
Medical Genetics (NPC G03.06)
Related Concepts Evaluation/Testing/Diagnosis/Assessment
Facet Service
Bibliographic References “Genetic Testing and Genetic Screening”, National Reference Center for Bioethics Literature, The Joseph and Rose Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University, http://www.georgetown.edu/research/nrcbl/publications/scopenotes/sn22.htm

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