Term Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Code YF-3000.3120
Definition A continuum of permanent birth defects caused by maternal consumption of alcohol during pregnancy, the effects of which can include physical problems and problems with behavior and learning. A person with FASD might have abnormal facial features, small head size, shorter than average height, low body weight, poor coordination, hyperactivity, difficulty paying attention, poor memory, difficulty in school (especially with math), learning disabilities, speech and language delays, intellectual disability or low IQ, poor reasoning and judgment skills, sleep and sucking problems as a baby, vision and hearing problems and/or problems with the heart, kidneys or bones. Different terms are used to describe FASDs depending on the type of symptoms. Included are Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), which represents the severe end of the FASD spectrum and is characterized by abnormal facial features, growth problems and central nervous system (CNS) problems; Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND) which is characterized by intellectual disabilities and problems with behavior and learning; and Alcohol Related Birth Defects (ARBD) which is characterized by problems with the heart, kidneys or bones and/or with hearing. Alcohol Related Birth Defects (ARBD) was previously known as Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE). CANADIAN DEFINITION: A continuum of permanent birth defects caused by maternal consumption of alcohol during pregnancy the effects of which can include physical problems and problems with behaviour and learning. A person with FASD might have abnormal facial features, small head size, shorter than average height, low body weight, poor coordination, hyperactivity, difficulty paying attention, poor memory, difficulty in school (especially with math), learning disabilities, speech and language delays, intellectual disability or low IQ, poor reasoning and judgment skills, sleep and sucking problems as a baby, vision and hearing problems and/or problems with the heart, kidneys or bones. Different terms are used to describe FASDs depending on the type of symptoms. Included are Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), which represents the severe end of the FASD spectrum and is characterized by abnormal facial features, growth problems and central nervous system (CNS) problems; Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND) which is characterized by intellectual disabilities and problems with behaviour and learning; and Alcohol Related Birth Defects (ARBD) which is characterized by problems with the heart, kidneys or bones and/or with hearing.
Created 3/10/92
Changed 4/9/19
Use References Alcohol Related Birth Defects
Alcohol Related Fetal Brain Disorders
ARBD
ARND
FAE
FARC
FAS
FASD
Fetal Alcohol Effects
Fetal Alcohol Related Conditions
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorders
Static Encephalopathy
See Also References Children Prenatally Exposed to Drugs (YF-3000.1710)
High Risk Infants/Children (YF-3000.3660)
Pregnant Women With an Alcohol Use Disorder (YF-8000.0500-650)
External Classification Terms Birth Defects & Genetic Diseases (NTE G20)
Birth Defects, Genetic Disorders & Developmental Disorders (NPC G02.03)
Related Concepts
Facet Target
Comments
Bibliographic References "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder", Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fetal_Alcohol_Spectrum_Disorder

"Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs)", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fasd/facts.html

"Information on FASD", Office of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, State of Alaska Health & Social Services website, http://www.hss.state.ak.us/fas/info/Default.htm

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